Moon Landing Hoax

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The moon landing hoax revolves around the government’s desperate need to outplay the Russians in the space race almost four decades ago. Every element of the Apollo program and the correlated Moon landings were fake and staged by NASA, probably with the assistance of other organizations. Years have passed since Armstrong had his “giant leap for mankind”; the popular six manned landings from 1969 – 1972 were simulated and the 12 Apollo astronauts never set foot off this planet. It was deep within Area 51 where Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong acted out their mission to the moon on an undisclosed film set. The videos and photos of the entire Apollo missions are only available through NASA; and with no independent verification, it confirms the moon landing hoax.

History[edit]

Moon landing conspiracies date back to 1976. Bill Kaysing, an ex-US Navy officer with a bachelor of arts in English published an early book, We Never Went to the Moon: America’s Thirty Billion Dollar Swindle. The self – published influential book brought up major concerns about a moon-landing conspiracy. With no prior knowledge about technical writing or rockets, Rocketdyne employed Kaysing as the main technical writer in 1956. Rocketdyne was the company that engineered the F-1 engines, which were to operate on the Saturn V Rocket. Until 1963, he worked as the Chief of the technical publications unit at the firm’s Propulsion Field Laboratory. Kaysing’s publication made numerous statements, which eventually sparked debates about the Moon landings being faked. That book estimates that the odds of an outstanding manned landing on the Moon was close to 0.0017 percent and that in spite of close observation by the USSR, it was much easier for NASA to fabricate the moon landings than to actually go there.

In 1980, a major discovery exposed Walt Disney’s involvement with the Moon landing hoax. The Flat Earth Society implicated NASA for faking all the landings, suggesting they were orchestrated by Hollywood following their Walt Disney sponsorship. The whole act was established on a script from Arthur Clarke and organized by Stanley Kubrick. Another folklorist, Linda Degh adds that the 1978 movie “Capricorn One” written and directed by Peter Hyams features a hoaxed expedition to Mars in a spacecraft that appears to be similar to the Apollo craft. The hoaxed journey to Mars might have been an inspiration to the theory’s fame after the Vietnam War era.

Intentions of the United States and NASA[edit]

Vietnam War[edit]

In 2009, the American Patriot Friends revealed that the manned landings supported the United States government in distracting the attention of members of the Public from the Vietnam War at that time. The reason being, the landings abruptly ended around the same time that the United States concluded its involvement in the war. Moreover, the landings did not end “abruptly”. Among the numerous budget items with which NASA had to compete with was the Vietnam War. NASA’s budget significantly fell in 1966 and dropped by 42.3% percent by 1972. This was the main reason why the final mission filmings were reduced, together with other plans for more follow-up programs like the permanent spaced station and more manned flights to Mars.

The space race[edit]

The push for the United States to join the Soviet Union in the space race can be trailed back to the Cold War. By then, landing on the moon was considered a technological and national achievement that would lead to global recognition. However, for the United States government, going to the Moon would be costly and risky. President John F Kennedy who was leading the country in 1962 openly expressed himself in a speech saying the United States decided to go since it was hard. The Soviets did not possess the ability to track deep spacecraft up until late 1972, it was after that when the last three Apollo missions were suddenly canceled. The government thereafter claimed the abrupt Apollo cancelations served to reduce costs.


NASA financing and prominence[edit]

NASA raised almost US$30 billion for the journey to the moon. This large amount of money could have been useful in paying off many people because; they faked the landings to ward off humiliation and to make sure that they constantly received funding. The Moon Landing was faked to carry out Kennedy’s 1961 goal; to land a man on the moon and return him safely to the Earth before the end of that decade. With all the hazards present, both known and unknown, NASA was not able to broadcast an astronaut being sick or dying. They also claimed that they did not have the capacity to broadcast the takeoff or landing because of technological limitations. Numerous inconsistencies and gaps in the historical records indicate that the landings never happened. For example, the technology available to send a man to the moon at the time was lacking; besides, cosmic rays, solar winds, coronal mass ejections, Van Allen radiation belts, and Solar flares made an expedition like this impossible.

Stanley Kubrick Involvement[edit]

Filmmaker Stanley Kubrick directed the film, 2001: A Space Odyssey in 2001. Apart from the film, the filmmaker also created much of the footage that featured Apollo’s 11 and 12. 2001 was somewhat set on the Moon and it displayed advanced special effects; when it was in post-production in 1968, NASA covertly arranged for a meeting with Kubrick to create the first three Moon Landings. They agreed that the splashdown and the launch had to be real but the remaining spacecraft was to stay in Earth’s Orbit as they broadcast fake footage as live from the moon. There were differences noticed between the film 2001 and the Apollo landing footage. For instance, Kubrick’s portrayal of the Moon surface was not the same as the appearance from the Apollo footage. The way characters moved on the moon as 2001 depicts is different from the movement filmed by Apollo astronauts. The Apollo footage did not seem like an environment with only 1/6 the gravity of the Earth. Quite a number of scenes in 2001 clearly show dust surging as the spacecraft landed, an occurrence that was highly unlikely considering the vacuum environment that exists on the moon.

Kubrick brought Harry Lange and Frederick on board to work together with him in 2001. The two previously had work experience with NASA as well as other major space contractors. Kubrick put to use some 50 mm f/0.7, which were left behind from a specific batch crafted by Zeiss for NASA. Nevertheless, Barry Lyndon gave Kubrick this lens. Further modifications were made to the original still photo lens for it to be useful in motion filming. No one has the slightest idea of how the powers-that-be persuaded Kubrick to direct all of Apollo’s landings. They must have compromised him in a specific way. The reality was his brother, Raul, was the leader of the American Communist Party. This might have been a possible way by the US government to force Stanley to cooperate.

In July 2009, a veiled confession of Kubrick’s involvement in the swindle project was exposed by Weidner post on his webpage; the webpage was known as “Secrets of the Shining”. In addition, the 2015 movie Moonwalkers depicts a fictional narrative of Kubrick’s involvement. In December 2015, came to light showing Kubrick in an interview before his 1999 death. The video clearly shows the director acknowledges his connection to Patrick Murray that all the Apollo Moon Landings were entirely faked.

NASA gave out $15,000 to James Oberg in 2002. The grant was meant for James to write a detailed counterstatement of the hoax allegations. Later on that year, NASA annulled the commission after protests that the book would magnify the accusations. However, Oberg said he was serious about completing the book. In November the same year, Peter Jennings said that NASA was planning to spend some thousand dollars in an attempt to prove to some individuals that the United States government indeed took men on the Moon. Because of that, NASA was so disturbed to the point of hiring someone to publish a book disapproving most conspiracy theorists. Oberg eventually placed the blame on NASA for failing to avail information to the public.

Response from NASA[edit]

In June 1977, NASA gave out a fact sheet in response to recent allegations that all the Apollo Moon landings were faked. The fact sheet is certainly discourteous and regards the notion of faking the Moon landings to be unreasonable and outrageous. NASA talks of the particles and rocks gathered from the moon as being concrete evidence of the legitimacy of the Program, since they claim that conditions on the earth are not suitable for the formation of such particles and rocks. Moreover, NASA reports that all phases and operations of the popular Apollo program were carefully pursued and under the surveillance of the news media right from liftoff to splashdown. NASA also responds to the book: We Never Went to the Moon by Bill Kaysing. They highlight one if his allegations of deceit concerning the missing crater on the left side of the surface of the moon by the touchdown of the lunar module, and disapproving it with facts relating to the type of soil and the cohesive characteristic of the surface of the moon.

On February 14, 2001, the fact sheet was reissued by NASA the same day prior to Fox television’s transmission of Conspiracy Theory: Did We Land on the Moon. This documentary renewed the interest of the public in the probability that the moon landings were faked and the subsequent conspiracy theories. This also provoked to defend its reputation once more.

Film and photographic oddities[edit]

The faked moon landing hoax mostly focuses on NASA’s photos. They point out bizarre features in the films and photos taken on the moon. Professional photographers including those who are not related to NASA replied that the inconsistencies are constant with what should be anticipated from an authentic Moon landing, and are not expected with a studio or tweaked imagery. Some of the major conflicts are mentioned below.

In most of the photos, the crosshairs look like they are behind objects. The cameras were put in place with a Reseau plate or a transparent glass plate with a reticle imprinted on. This made it impossible for all photographed objects to come out in front of the grid. This particular incidence suggests that the objects were simply pasted over the photographs, and therefore obscure the reticle.

A close look at the photos shows there are no stars in any of them. Surprisingly, the Apollo 11 astronauts also mentioned in all post-mission conferences that they were not able to recall seeing any stars. NASA also chose not to include the stars in the photos since astronomers would have been able to study them and check if the photos were really from the Moon or the Earth. There was a likelihood of the astronomers finding that out by their way of identifying them correlating their celestial spot and parallax to what the expectations were for both observation sites.

Environment[edit]

  • Either the so-called moon landings utilized a sound stage or they were recorded outside in a specific remote desert. The astronauts seemingly used harnesses or employed slow-motion photography to make the whole show look like they were actually on the moon.
  • The films in the used cameras would have been fogged by the radiation present in the moon.
  • The camera film would melt because of the intense heat from the Moon’s surface during the daytime.
  • There is no wind on the Moon. The flag was not supposed to flutter after the astronauts placed it on the surface. The breeze that made the flag to flutter was a definite indication that it was filmed on the Earth. Indoor fans used to cool the astronauts in their spacesuit were the likely cause of the fluttering flag. The spacesuit cooling systems were too heavy to handle on Earth.
  • It was impossible for the Apollo 16 crew to survive a big solar flare that fired out when they were on the way to the moon.


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